Patella Femoral Syndrome is a medical condition that affects both the patella (knee cap) and femur and it is a sports injury sometimes seen in runners.
Pain results from the patella making frictional contact with the femur which is located directly behind the patella.
Patella femoral syndrome is similar to Chondromalacia Patella, however, Patella Femoral Syndrome does not involve erosion to the cartilage.
There are several potential causes of patella femoral syndrome and include a sudden increase in physical activity, an improperly aligned patella, improper balance of the quadriceps muscle and tightness in the Iliotibial Band or one of the retinaculum ligaments, either the Medial Patellar Ligament or Lateral Ligament of the knee.
If this condition is not properly treated and managed improper biomechanics lead to a wearing down of cartilage and patella femoral syndrome may progress to chondromalacia patella and progressing to osteoarthritis.